The UC Department
of Surgery was derived from pioneering American surgeons and the
evolution of local colleges of medicine and hospitals that parallel
the origins and growth of Cincinnati itself, dating as far back
as 1788. The "Hopkins Invasion" of 1922 marks the birth
of the contemporary department of surgery at the University of Cincinnati.
Dr. George Heuer and a small group of surgeons from Dr.William Halsted's
department at Johns Hopkins Medical School moved from Baltimore
to Cincinnati and established a full-time surgical department with
a pyramid-structured general surgery residency training program
to graduate highly qualified surgeons after several years of rigorous
training. After the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital at Harvard Medical
School in Boston, the UC Department of Surgery was the second program
in the country to be patterned on the Hopkins model.
Dr. Heuer, the
first Christian R. Holmes Professor of Surgery, brought Dr. Halsted's
method of surgical training to Cincinnati, along with several of
Halsted's residents including future department chairmen, Mont Reid,
B. Noland Carter and Max Zinninger. He established the now routine
practice of taking thorough case histories of patients and regular
follow up care. He instituted that all tissue be studied in the
lab to confirm a surgeon's diagnosis, again a now routine practice.
The tradition of superior quality and
surgical innovation continued under subsequent chairs of the Department.
Dr. Mont Rogers Reid
(1931-1943) worked tirelessly to strengthen the relationship between
the university medical school and the community. He brought attention
to the Department through numerous articles in the prestigious
New England Journal of Medicine on wound healing processes.
Dr. Max Zinninger (1943-1946) led the Department in the interim years after Dr. Reid's untimely death. He was one of the first to complete his surgical residency at UC in 1927 under Heuer. Also known for working collaboratively with community physicians on complicated cases requiring highly specialized care, he was considered a consummate surgeon and gentleman who was held in the highest regard by the community, his students and colleagues.
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